When Quick Action Matters: First Aid Advice for Tooth and Mouth Injuries

Injuries to your mouth and teeth are nothing to laugh about. Teeth can be chipped, broken or even knocked out, while your mouth and gums are sensitive to sharp objects that can include food and foreign objects.

But what should you do if you do injure your mouth? Finding a 24 hour dentist in NYC and the surrounding areas is easy, but there are still some basic things you should know in order to save your smile.

Common Oral Injuries

Most injuries to the mouth and teeth are accidental: popcorn seeds, nuts, candy and other hard foods can chip teeth easily or even fracture them. Lacerations to the gums are fairly common as well, with sharp objects such as toothpicks or eating utensils being the typical culprits. Both of these types of injuries may not require immediate attention, but in some cases the pain may be too much to bear.

More serious injuries included broken teeth, teeth that have been knocked out and major trauma to the gums. These injuries can occur by blunt objects such as an elbow or ball when playing sports or in conjunction with other accidents like car wrecks or fights. If there is major bleeding or missing teeth, immediate action is probably necessary.

What You Should Do

Anytime you are eating and feel a sharp pain, or if you ever get hit in the mouth with anything, you should quickly assess the damage. Check by lightly rubbing your finger in the area of concern, feeling if there are any missing or fractured teeth, or any excessive bleeding.

If a tooth is knocked out, only touch the crown of the tooth (the part that’s normally visible), and clean it with milk or tap water. If possible, have someone replace the tooth. If this is not possible, place the tooth in a container of milk and seek out medical attention immediately.

Serious fractures can cause tissue damage and irreparable tooth damage if left untreated for too long, so make sure to contact a dentist as quickly as possible.

What Your Dentist Can Do

For minor injuries, such as chips or fractures, a dentist can use a filling or a crown to fix the problem. Dental veneers can also be used in many cases to cover cosmetic damage. Dentists can also soothe any discomfort or pain from gum trauma and stop any bleeding that you may not be able to control yourself.

For major injuries — missing teeth, bleeding etc. — dentists can offer a variety of fixes. If you arrive at the dentist quickly enough, they may be able to re-implant a missing tooth. They can use stitches to stop any bleeding and administer pain killers and local anesthesia for pain.

It is very important that you have follow up appointments after major trauma to ensure that the injury is healing correctly.

Quick action for oral injuries is key to saving teeth and preventing future complications. If you find yourself with a tooth or gum injury, consult a dentist as soon as possible.


Carl Buchanan is a student studying at the school of dentistry, he is planning to specialize and become a prosthodontist. He enjoys sharing his knowledge through his articles which appear around the web.

First Aid Advice for Tooth and Mouth Injuries


  1. Thank you for providing this information. I have now tucked it away in my brain and hope to be able to recall it should I need it.

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